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Saturday 27 June & Sunday 28 June 10:00am-4.00pm

While love fills the sails and speeds our boat on our way to full awakening, we need wisdom to set the course, steering us out of confusion and onwards to our highest mental evolution. The Four Seals are a chance to reflect on those insights that we need overcome our negative tendencies and navigate that passage to freedom. The four seals are:


  1. All compounded things are impermanent.
  2. All contaminated phenomena are suffering.
  3. All phenomena are empty and selfless.
  4. Nirvana is peace.


Just like a king’s seal on a document, the presence of these four seals guarantees a document or a teaching’s authenticity as an expression of Buddhist views, the Buddhist route out of suffering. A Buddhist is someone who has faith in the Buddha’s Way and goes for refuge to the Three Jewels. A holder of Buddhist tenets on the other hand is someone who has cultivated a sounder understanding, arrived at through reasoning, of what Buddha actually taught, and is at least knowledgeable about these four seals. Geshe Tenzin Losel (Graham Woodhouse), will lead discussion and familiarisation on these four principles of Buddhist philosophy based on his own translation of a text by Gen Lamrimpa Ngawang Puntsok, A Glowing Light of Scripture and Reasoning, Lamp Illuminating the Essentials of the Four Seals that Authenticate the View. Electronic copies of the book are available as a free download via the following link: https://1drv.ms/u/s!AlKGFSq5knNjg372w42nIdeAhrZ5?e=25gggZ

Other documents for the teachings can be found at:




Zoom Link: https://zoom.us/j/106422728

Meeting ID: 106 422 728

Suggested donation: £25 per day

About Geshe Graham:

Geshe Graham was born in England in 1952 and received full ordination as a Buddhist monk in the Tibetan tradition from His Holiness the Dalai Lama in 1994. He studied for seventeen years at the Institute of Buddhist Dialectics in Dharamsala and received his geshe degree from Drepung Loseling Monastery in 2006.

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